Cold War Cumbria
As well as being the production
facility (at Sellafield) for Britain's plutonium
for the 1950's Cold War, Cumbria also was home to Britain's foray
into developing a missile to carry such nuclear hell to its destination.
In the 1950s British high tech industry was gearing up to production
of an intermediate range ballistic missile, Blue Streak. On Spadeadam
Moor, Cumbria test areas were completed in under three years at
a cost of £20 million. Over 8,000 acres Spadeadam had its
own admin area and liquid oxygen plant and static missile testing
areas before the completed missiles were sent to Woomera in Australia
for testing. Housing was specifically built for the highly trained
Spadeadam staff at nearby Brampton. The engines were also tested
at secret facilities on the cliffs at the Needles on the Isle of
Wight. In 1960 Blue Streak was cancelled.
Just outside Carlisle the former RAF Crosby (and now Carlisle Airport)
is home to and Avro Vulcan B.2 XJ823 Bomber. Synonymous with the
Cold War and Britains nuclear deterrent of the 1960?s, the
impressive size of Avros delta winged bomber is testament
to the ingenuity and skills of the post war British aircraft industry.
Find out more at www.solway-aviation-museum.co.uk/
It is also thought nuclear depth
charges, for positioning in the Northern Approaches to Russia were
stored at a NATO facility at Broughton Moor in Cumbria.
Images from Broughton Moor ( the 'Dump')
In Eskdale an underground bunker was one of many across England
to be manned for radioactive contamination monitoring in the event
of an all-our nuclear war.
Testing Blue Streak at Spadeadam